Background: A neurologic symptom or symptom complex caused by cerebral ischemia or hemorrhage is commonly called a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or stroke. The cardinal clinical features are sudden or subacute onset and (except for subarachnoid hemorrhage) focal neurologic deficit. Three main stages are used to describe the CT manifestations of stroke: acute (less than 24 hours), subacute (24 hours to 5 days) and chronic (weeks). Aim of the study: To study the importance of CT scan in patients with cerebrovascular accidents. Materials and methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Radiology of the Medical institution. For the study, we selected patients who were referred to the Department of Radiology for CT scan of brain post suspected cerebrovascular accident for confirmation of the diagnosis. We excluded patients who had neurological defects because of other etiological factors. A total of 80 patients were included. CT scan of the brain was done as per the standardized guidelines. Results: In the present study, a total of 80 patients were included. The number of male patients in study group was 44 and number of female patients in study group was 36. The age range of the patients was 18-65 years and the mean age of the patients was 44.39 years. . We observed that 31 patients had cerebral infarcts, 27 patients had hemorrhage, 8 patients gad cerebral venous thrombosis, 6 patients had subarachnoid hemorrhage and 8 patients had normal CT scan. Conclusion: Within the limitations of present study, this can be concluded that CT scan should be routinely done in patients who are suspected for cerebrovascular accident to avoid misdiagnosis.
Keywords: CT scan, stroke, cerebrovascular accident.
Received: 12 September 2018 Revised: 22 September 2018 Accepted: 26 September 2018
Corresponding author: Dr. Saket Kumar, Assistant Professor, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Career Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
This article may be cited as: Abbas SG, Kumar S. Importance of Computed Tomography scan in patients with Cerebrovascular Accidents. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2018;6(11):48-50.