The temporomandibular joint receives its name from the two bones that enter into its formation, namely the temporal bone and the mandible. This complex synovial system is composed of two temporomandibular joints together with their articulating ligaments and masticatory muscles. This articulation affects other synovial joints that relate specifically to masticatory function. Temporomandibular joint pain has various medical and dental etiological factors. The etiology of temporomandibular joint pain is enigmatic; no single etiological factor is regarded as the cause. Its distribution is also not confined to a single area. This article presents the basic etiological factors. As overwhelming majority of medical and dental conditions or issues related to etiology of temporomandibular pain in patients have traditionally been presented and interpreted from the clinician’s point of view.
Key words: Temporomandibular joint, temporomandibular disorders.
Received: 11 August 2018 Revised: 22 September 2018 Accepted: 23 September 2018
Corresponding author: Dr Ruhani Singh, BDS (Intern), Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Dental sciences & Research, Amritsar, Punjab, India
This article may be cited as: Singh R, Kaur S. Etiology of Temporomandibular Disorder- A Brief Review: Part I. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2018;6(10):78-81.