Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) can lead to several ocular complications such as diabetic retinopathy, diabetic papillopathy, glaucoma, cataract, and ocular surface diseases. Hence; we planned the present study to assess the prevalence of ocular infection in diabetic patients. Materials & methods: The present study was conducted from year 2012 to 2013 and was done for assessing the prevalence of ocular lesions in diabetic patients. A total of 200 diabetic patients were screened during the study period. A registered and experienced ophthalmologist was appointed for ocular screening of all the patients in the present study. Visual acuity of each patient was assessed. Ocular pathologies, if present, were recorded and Microsoft excel sheet and were assessed by SPSS software. Chi- square test was used for assessment of level of significance. Results: The overall prevalence of ocular lesions among diabetic patients was 14 percent. Among these ocular lesions, the most common was glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, cataract and diabetic papillpathy. Conclusion: Ocular lesions are prevalent in significant proportion in diabetic patients. Therefore, periodic ocular screening of the diabetic patients should be done to avoid further complications.
Key words: Diabetes, Infection, Ocular
Received: 11 August 2018 Revised: 22 September 2018 Accepted: 23 September 2018
Corresponding author: Dr Manzoor Ahmed Ahanger , Consultant Ophthalmology , Directorate of Health Services Kashmir, India
This article may be cited as: Ahanger MA, Dar MA. Prevalence of Ocular lesions in Diabetic Patients: A Clinical Study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2018;6(10):63-66.