Anaemia of chronic disease (ACD) is the second most common type of anaemia after iron deficiency anaemia. Because of similar cytokines a role in pathogenesis of ACD and periodontitis, and also the role of periodontitis as a chronic infection, a relationship between these two disease was proposed. As periodontitis is a chronic infectious/inflammatory disease and also various markers of systemic inflammation have been shown to be raised in blood/plasma of periodontitis patients, suggesting that there is chronic immune activation in periodontitis patients. So, periodontitis likewise, other chronic inflammatory disease e.g. rheumatoid arthritis may also can progress towards anaemia (ACD).
Key words: Anemia, Chronic Periodontitis, Pregnant Female.