Background: Pilonidal disease is a common and usually minor disease. Although wide excisional surgery has been common practice, there are more simple alternatives. The management of pilonidal disease depends on its presentation and ranges from simple incision and drainage to a wide excision with extensive reconstructive procedures. Hence, we planned the present study to analyze surgical management of pilonidal sinus disease patients. Materials and methods: We planned the present study to assess patients undergoing surgical management for PSD. A total of 100 patients with PSD were included in the present study that underwent surgical treatment for the same. Complete demographic and clinical details of all the patients were recorded. We carried out complete hematological and biochemical investigations of all the patients before the starting of the study. All the patients underwent surgical treatment for PSD under the hands of skilled and experienced surgeons. Complete postoperative follow-up of all patients were done. All the results were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: The surgical procedures performed in the present study included marsupialization, unroofing, primary closure and limber flap transposition. Marsupialization was the most common procedure, carried out in 45 percent of the patients. Infection was the most commonly encountered postoperative complication, found to be present in 10 percent of the patient population. It was followed by hematoma formation which was found to be present in 4 percent of the patient population. Conclusion: Surgeons should be aware of pros and cons of all the surgical techniques while handing patients with PSD.
Keywords: Pilonidal sinus disease, Surgical, Treatment