Background:Head and neck cancers (HNCA) are emerging as major health problems in India. Overall 57.5% of global head & neck cancers occur in Asia out of which around 30-35 % occur in India.The present study was conducted to assess the head & neck malignancy occurring in study population.Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 240 patients diagnosed with head & neck cancers. General information such as name, age, gender etc. was noted. Parameters such as site, location and predisposing factors etc. were recorded.Results: Out of 100 patients, males were 70 and females were 30. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common sites were larynx in males (25) and females (6), oropharynx in males (10) and females (6), nasopharynx in males (9) and females (5), salivary glands in males (6) and females (4), thyroid in males (15) and females (7) and tongue in males (5) and females (2). The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common predisposing factors were tobacco in males (30) and females (10), alcohol in males (20) and females (8), viral in males (10) and females (7) and combination in males (10) and females (5). The difference was significant (P< 0.05).Conclusion: Head & neck malignancy contribute to major malignancy of the body. Males had higher prevalence than females.
Key words: Head & neck, Malignancy.