Background: Acute intestinal obstruction is a common surgical emergency and a frequently encountered problem in abdominal surgery. It constitutes a major cause of morbidity and financial expenditure in hospitals around the world and a significant cause of admissions to emergency surgical departments. Aim of the study: To study intestinal obstruction and it’s surgical management. Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Government Hospital, Dungarpur, Rajasthan, India. For the study, we selected 30 cases of intestinal obstruction admitted in the surgical ward of Government Hospital, Dungarpur, Rajasthan, India. The age of the patients ranged between 18-70 years. The patients were selected o the basis of clinical history, physical findings, radiological and haematological investigations. Results: A total of 30 patients were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 45.16 years with age ranging from 18-70 years. Based on socioeconomic status, there were 9 rich patients and 21 poor patients. Based on dietary habits, there were 20 vegetarians and 10 non-vegetarians in the study group. Wound infection was seen in 3 patients. RTI was seen in 1 patient. Wound dehiscence was seen in 1 patient. Fecal fistula and Septicemia were not seen in any patient. Conclusion: The intestinal obstruction remains an important surgical emergency in the surgical field and its treatment outcome depends upon early diagnosis, skillful management and treating the pathological effects of the obstruction.
Keywords: Intestinal obstruction, adhesion, hernia.