Endodontic surgery has now evolved into endodontic microsurgery. Nowadays each tooth may be managed with endodontic surgery and concept of extraction has been abolished. Carious lesion with periapical pathology is managed with the endodontic therapy. The access opening, bio- mechanical preparation followed by obturation and restoration are steps of endodontic therapy or root canal treatment. There is no need of raising the surgical flap. Whenever, access is achieved via surgical flap, the procedure is known as surgical endodontics. The present review article focuses on various indication and category of endodontic surgery.
Key words- Bio- mechanical, Carious, Endodontic surgery