Introduction: Cancer is a curse to modern society which increasingly expanding its dangerous claws day by day upon the human race. Among different cancers oral cancer ranks fifth in the global perspective of cancer burden.The study of the ridged skin patterns is called dermatoglyphics and one very important part of dermatoglyphics is “Fingerprint Patterns”. Materials & Methods: A total of 100 patients were divided equally into Group A (Control group) and Group B (Study/Oral squamous cell carcinoma group). Then the fingerprints of each individual had been recorded via Fingkey Hamster HFDU06 fingerprint scanner and qualitatively analysed by Nitgen Fingerprint Detector Software. The patterns were divided into 5 different groups; Arch, Ulnar Loop, Radial Loop, Whorl and Compound. Results: In Group-A, the fingerprint pattern found maximum was Whorl(54.5%) whereas minimum was Radial loop (1.1%). In Group-B, the fingerprint pattern found maximum was Ulnar loop (45.4%) whereas minimum was Radial loop (2.6%). Conclusion: After the qualitative analysis of fingerprints it was observed that the highest prevalence of Whorl type of pattern in Control or Healthy group and Ulnar Loop in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) group. Thus people with more Ulnar Loop pattern may have high risk to develop oral squamous cell carcinoma more.
Key Words: Oral squamous cell carcinoma, Digital Dermatoglyphics, Arch, Whorl, Ulnar loop, Radial loop, Compound, Early detection
Corresponding author: Dr. Rritam Ghosh, T-76A/19, DR. S.C. Banerjee Road, Kolkata-700010, West Bengal.
This article may be cited as: Ghosh R, Barman I. Digital Dermatoglyphics- A New Approach in Early Detection of Oral Cancer. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2017;5(12):15-18.