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Volume 5 Issue 9 (September, 2017)

Original Articles

Evaluation Of Risk Factors Amongst Young Population for Hypertension- A Hospital Based Survey
Mohan Lal Kanojia

Background: Hypertension is defined as blood pressure of more than 140/90 mmHg.  Prehypertensives are defined as persons with blood pressure above optimal levels i.e. systolic blood pressure of 120-139 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure of 80-89 mm Hg. The aim of the present study was to establish the risk factors present in the community for hypertension. Materials and methods: The present cross sectional study was conducted by the Department, college, Institute, state during a period of 1 year. All the subjects were made to fill a predesigned proforma that was tested using a pilot study. The proforma had questions regarding the age, gender, socioeconomic group, family history of hypertension, alcohol and tobacco consumption etc. Various clinical measurements were obtained after collecting the demographic details. Data was arranged in a tabulated form and SPSS software was used for analysis. Chi square test was applied as a test of significance. Probability value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: There were a total of 285 subjects who were enrolled in the study. Out of these 160 subjects had hypertension and 125 belonged to pre hypertensive stage. Majority of subjects in the study were females in both the groups.On applying chi square test, it was observed that age, gender, HDL, Cholesterol levels have no significant relationship with hypertension. Alcohol intake and BMI acts as a significant risk factor. Conclusion: Patients need to be educated about the risk of hypertension. Increasing awareness about this disease can help prevent this condition and also the dreadful complications associated with the disease. In the present study, BMI and alcohol intake act as significant risk factor for hypertension.
Key words:  Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, Independent, Risk factor.

 
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