Objective: The study was planned for assessing the medical complications of patients in a dental OPD (Outpatient department). Methods: A total of 1260 patients were included in the study further divided into different age groups. A single investigator examined all the subjects and recorded details of medical history using a proforma. The data was analyzed using the SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). Chi-square test applied to obtain frequencies of medical complications at p<0.05. Results: It was found that 48.27% of the participants comprised with one of the complication. Among all, hypertension 11.7% was the most prevalent pursued by diabetes mellitus (7.4%) and allergy (7.3%). The frequency of patients with AIDS infection, bleeding disorders, tuberculosis, epilepsy and asthma was quite rare. All the systemic diseases showed significant relation with age except Kidney disease and AIDS. Diseases like asthma, diabetes, heart problems, blood pressure, liver complications, gastrointestinal problems, arthritis, tuberculosis and AIDS was not observed among the age group of 0 to 15 years. Conclusions: The outcomes of the study replicate that there were quite high frequency of medical complication in a dental setting. Hence, dentists should take a thorough history before beginning with any dental treatment to avoid complications.
Key Words:Case history, Dental patients, Medical complications.