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Volume 5 Issue 9 (September, 2017)

Original Articles

Evaluation Of Nutritional Status Among Overweight Children
Indu K Pishrody

Background: An important step during childhood and adolescence is monitoring of nutritional status. It serves as a cord of the healthcare system. Various school health programs should be initiated to determine the nutritional status amongst children. The aim of the present study was to assess nutritional status amongst overweight children. Materials and methods: The present epidemiological cross sectional study was carried out in the Institute, State during a period of 1 year (June 2014- June 2015). The following data was compiled for each student it included age, gender, weight, height and body mass index. The nutritional status of the over-weight and obese children were assessed based on their age and sex. Z score which was less than or equal to -2 was taken as underweight, score between -2 to 1 was considered as adequate and score more than 1 was taken as overweight. For assessing the growth of adolescents Anthro Plus 2007 software was used. Descriptive Statistics was used to classify the nutritional status. Results: A total of 910 adolescents took part in this cross sectional study. There were 60.4% students (n=550) who were less than 10 years and 29.1% adolescents (n=265) were between 10-15 years. Approximately 10.4% adolescents (n=95) were more than 15 years of age. Majority of adolescents were males (51.6%) and rest 48.3% (n=440) were females. Only 1.5% adolescents who were less than 10 years were malnourished. Majority of the subjects (76.2%) in this age group had normal weight. There were 22.3% (n=123) adolescents of this group who were overweight. Major group of overweight children (36.8%) were more than 15 years of age. Conclusion: From the above study we can conclude that there are still certain proportions of children that are overweight. Educating children about balanced diet can be an asset in reducing their count. In our study, There were 8.1% adolescents who were height deficient (n=81) and majority of them had adequate height (91.1%).
Keywords: Adolescents, malnourished, obesity.

 
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