Background: The most commonly seen hernias are groin hernias which require surgical management. Majority (96%) of the groin hernias are in inguinal hernias. The exact incidence of inguinal hernia is not known but there are approx 500,000 cases that report every year. The present study was done to evaluate and determine the epidemiology and demographic conditions that are prevalent amongst patients of inguinal hernia. Materials and methods: The present study was including 60 patients of inguinal hernias admitted to the Department of Surgery at Rajindra Hospital, Government Medical College, and Patiala. In one group of patients a flat polypropylene mesh was used for laparoscopic inguinal hernioplasty (group A). In the other group of patient a newer three dimensional polypropylene mesh was used for laparoscopic hernioplasty. A detailed history and clinical examination was recorded. A written consent of the patient was taken for the procedure, after duly explaining the procedure and risk of surgery and anesthesia. All the data was arranged in a tabulated form and SPSS software was used for analysis. Chi square test was used for analysis. Probability value of less than 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: The youngest patient in group A was 23 years of age and the Mean age in group A was 46.5 +/- 11.43 years and that in group B youngest patient was 16 years with mean 46.23 +/- 16.5 years. In group A out of 30 patients 29 and in group B 28 patients are males which show that inguinal hernia is more common in males. Overall 15 cases and 12 cases out of group A and B were of right side inguinal hernia and rest were left sided. Conclusion: From the above study we can conclude that inguinal hernia is a commonly occurring clinical entity. It is more commonly seen in males than females. It is more prevalent in 41-50 years of age and indirect type of hernia is commonly seen.
Keywords: Epidemiology, Groin, Hernia, Probability.